What is CBT?
Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) relies on evidence based practice to generate knowledge in relation to a wide range of psychological problems that people might experience. The CBT approach encourages a collaborative relationship between the client and therapist where both are able to speak openly about the aims of the therapy, the therapeutic relationship and the nature of the problem. The therapist endeavours to think carefully with the client about the ways in which thoughts, feelings and behaviour are maintaining the problem and what might need to change in this cycle to alleviate distress. This therapy model focuses predominantly on the here and now but recognises the influence of past events in shaping the individual’s problem. Once a shared understanding of the problem has been established between the client and therapist, this enables the formng of goals and strategies to bring about the desired change, these are regularly reviewed. Clients often describe this therapy as empowering because it is practical but relies on their self knowledge and expertise to make sense of the meaning of events and develop resources to change. CBT can be used in relation to individuals, couples or families and groups.
You can find more information about this therapy if you go to the British Association for Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapies website at www.babcp.com.